Transportation of Shipments in Dry Ice
Transport in dry ice is a challenge, a task that not every company can and is able to undertake. OCS offers transport in dry ice or which makes it possible to maintain the cold chain. We make every effort to ensure that the services fully comply with the applicable standards and at the same time meet the needs of the companies that procure transport services. For OCS, individual needs and requirements of the customer are most important. We meet the expectations of the most demanding companies and those we continuously cooperate with are convinced that we do not withdraw from the new challenges in the international market.
By cooperating with Laminarmedica® – a manufacturer of insulated packaging systems, make it possible for pharmaceutical companies and clinics to use the transport in conditions that maintain proper product temperature from the moment of collection of the consignment to its final delivery. We ensure the maintenance of controlled temperature at every stage of the shipment management. Our main principle is: one company – temperature control – delivery to the final location – client satisfaction.
By using the services of OCS you can be sure that quality of service is top notch. We invite you to contact us by phone or via email.
OCS Courier Shipments offer their customers specialized packaging systems for transport food, medical or pharmaceutical products in dry ice. Shipment monitoring system provides OCS full control over the required temperature of the products. Transport in dry ice is carried out throughout the country and abroad. The packaging systems used by OCS CCS meet the requirements set by the Ministry of Health, are certified and fully comply with IATA regulations for the transport of dangerous goods (DGR) and road transport (ADR). OCS CCS, based on many years of experience, guarantee the transportation of selected products without loss and damage.
A trained team of professionals provides the customer full advice on the specification of parcels and proper selection of the packaging to be used during transport. The team of specialists is responsible for determining the details of shipping, the manner and time of receipt and delivery of the shipment. We can ensure that the transport process is closely monitored – from receipt of an order, through the use of appropriate packaging and transport conditions until the delivery to the recipient.
What is dry ice
Dry ice (Carboglace®), or CO2 in solid form is obtained by expanding liquid CO2 at atmospheric pressure. Half of the liquid CO2 is converted to a gas and the other half turns into CO2 snow. CO2 snow is compacted in high-pressure hydraulic presses, or extruders, which allows to obtain blocks or granules of dry ice with appropriate diameters, 3 mm and 16 mm. Dry ice is a completely natural product. A characteristic of dry ice is sublimation, namely the transition from the solid phase to the gas phase at atmospheric pressure without the liquid phase. Hence the term “dry ice”. In addition, the dry ice creates a bacteriostatic atmosphere, which improves the quality of the cooled product by preventing oxidation.
16mm dry ice granules are the most commonly used form of dry ice, and due to their characteristics they begin to replace the dry ice in the form of “Block”. They are used primarily among customers such as food manufacturers, transport companies, manufacturing plants, metal smelters. Their application is also creating special effects, as well as in laboratories and catering companies.
Characteristics of dry ice:
- natural product
- sublimation into gas without residue
- lack of investment costs
- no electricity-related costs
- temperature of -78.5°C
- twice as high cooling efficiency compared to the ice water
- specific density: 1.56 kg/dm3 – heavier than air and sinks to the substrate
- neutral flavor
Packaging for the transport in dry ice
Freezetherm® packaging is a wide range of highly specialized packaging solutions for shipping frozen products. Due to their technological properties they provide protection of frozen products up to 192 hours. Key benefits: Freezetherm® products are a readily available and inexpensive way to protect frozen products during transport. Packaging systems supplied by us are repeatedly checked and tested for safety and quality, making them very trustworthy for the buyers.
MediPhase® -15 means new possibilities for sending frozen products. “System MediPhase®” packaging does not require the use of dry ice to keep the product frozen. This thus eliminates all problems associated with delivery of products in dry ice. Since CO2 gas was considered unsafe to transport, the possibility of its carriage is limited by a number of airlines and trucking companies demand extra payment due to the carriage of hazardous materials or refuse transport.
Temperature data loggers
OCS CCS device uses Sensitech® devices for temperature monitoring to fully ensure the safety of products shipped at controlled temperatures.
Thanks to the devices used by OCS CCS to transport products at controlled temperatures, the temperature history is maintained – from the moment of reception from the consignor to the final transfer of the recipient.
Dry ice – safety
Dry ice is a completely natural product. A characteristic of dry ice is sublimation, namely the transition from the solid phase to the gas phase at atmospheric pressure without the liquid phase. Hence the term “dry ice”.
Download a pdf file with instructions for safety when working with dry ice.
Safety rules when handling dry ice
I. Characteristics of dry ice
Dry ice is a completely natural product. A characteristic of dry ice is sublimation, namely the transition from the solid phase to the gas phase at atmospheric pressure without the liquid phase. Hence the term “dry ice”. The dry ice creates a bacteriostatic atmosphere, which improves the quality of the cooled product by preventing oxidation. Dry ice is non-combustible, odorless and tasteless, non-toxic, approved for contact with food. Carbon dioxide is heavier than air and therefore its concentration is highest at the bottom. In high concentrations, particularly in small and confined spaces it has a suffocating effect. The container with dry ice and the dry ice alone should be stored out of reach of children and pets.
- Direct contact with carbon dioxide (CO2) in solid form (dry ice has a temperature of – 78°C) can cause frostbite.
- During sublimation, dry ice displaces atmospheric oxygen from the air. CO2 content above 5% of air is dangerous. You may experience dizziness, fatigue and unconsciousness. Very high concentrations of carbon dioxide can cause suffocation.
- During sublimation in a tightly closed container, pressure increases – there is a danger of rupture/explosion, and therefore dry ice should be stored only in containers adapted to this type of product or the container in which it was delivered.
III. Safety measures and rules of conduct
- In contact with dry ice, remember not to touch dry ice directly with bare hands. A person who has direct contact with dry ice should be equipped with special equipment, i.e. goggles, a mask, insulated gloves.
- Dry ice has nothing to do with ice cream. It is not intended for direct consumption. It must not be eaten or used for cooling drinks. Dry ice is a freezing-cooling agent used in various industries.
- It is necessary to follow the principle: to minimize the open time of the container with dry ice, and thus the time of being in the area directly neighboring the container.
- After inserting the product into a container with dry ice, close the container and seal it.
- Please note that due to the properties of dry ice you should not store it in tightly closed containers that are not adapted to it because it may cause burst, which can be dangerous to health and life.
- The container with dry ice and the dry ice alone should be stored out of reach of children and pets.
IV. Means of individual and collective protection
- During all activities related to the opening of the container with dry ice or activities connected with removing or inserting dry ice in a container it is necessary to use:
- goggles, mask, insulated gloves,
- clothing and footwear (according to the table of clothes for a worker employed in a cold store).
- When washing bins/containers, wear safety goggles.
- The container with dry ice and the dry ice should be stored out of reach of children and pets.
V. Procedure in case of danger
- In case of triggering the CO2 content sensor you must leave the place and ventilate the area.
- In the event of a fire extinguishing in the area of containers with dry ice, use the fire extinguisher located on site.
VI. FIRST AID
If a person comes into direct contact with dry ice, do the following:
- Contact with skin:
- frostbites of skin should be rinsed for approx. 15 minutes with lukewarm water,
- then cover with a sterile dressing and seek medical attention.
- Contact with eyes:
- painful and difficult to heal frostbites can cause permanent eye damage;
- After contact of eyes with dry ice immediately rinse them with lukewarm water,
repeat rinsing for another 15 minutes.
- Then cover with a sterile dressing while maintaining sterility.
- Provide immediate assistance of an ophthalmologist.
- Inhalation – people with the following symptoms:
- rapid breathing
- inability to move
Move to fresh air, keep calm and warmly clothed. Call a physician. In the case of apnea carry out artificial respiration.
must be absolutely avoided. In case of choking, immediately call a doctor.
Do NOT allow to swallow, because ingestion of dry ice can cause serious internal injuries, immediate medical attention is needed.
VII. Proper removal
- If necessary, remove dry ice in open space, leaving it to completely sublimate, in which case you should restrict access of other people.
- Do not introduce dry ice into sewers, basements, wells and similar places where it could become dangerously concentrated.
- If necessary, contact supplier of dry ice.